The rules of modern ice hockey are quite simple and similar to football. The winner is determined as the result of two halves every 45 minutes. 11 athletes are playing simultaneously on the field, the number of substitutions is unlimited. This type of competition is less common than its Canadian cousin.
In this article, we have attempted to reveal information about the history of hockey and its features. Remember that this is a painful sport, so you need to be careful and careful when on ice.
When Great Britain conquered Canada from France in 1763, soldiers brought hockey to the land. Since winters in Canada are very harsh and long, winter sports are welcome in this area. By attaching cheese cutters to their boots, English and French-speaking Canadians played the game on frozen rivers, lakes, and other waters. In Nova Scotia and Virginia, there are old paintings depicting hockey players.
March 3, 1875, in Montreal at “Victoria” Stadium, was the first hockey game, information about it was recorded in the Montreal newspaper “The Montreal Gazette”. Each team consists of nine people. They play with a wooden ball (On shinny), and protective gear is borrowed from baseball. For the first time, a hockey target is brought into the ice.
In 1877, some students at McGill University in Montreal invented the first seven rules of hockey. In 1879, a rubber washer was built. After a while, the game became so popular that in 1883 it was presented at the annual Montreal Winter Festival. In 1885, the Amateur Hockey Association was founded in Montreal.
How the rules of ice hockey changed
The rules of the hockey game have been improved, streamlined and printed in 1886. According to them, the number of players on the field has decreased from nine to seven, there is a goalkeeper, front-back and then, a center-back and two ice strikers, and a racer (English rover – a wanderer) active in front of the full width of the field – the strongest hockey player, best machine-throw wash.
The team spent an entire match in one composing and by the end of the game, athletes actually crawled on the ice in fatigue, because only the injured player was allowed to substitute (and in late and only with the consent of the competitor). In the same year, the first international meeting between Canadian and English teams was held.